As an organisation that’s grounded in science, we regularly write research papers and produce reports. Here you can find some of the more important scientific papers and reports we’ve written and published over the years.
Our scientific research
Below are scientific research papers, which include a Freshwater Habitats Trust author. Our research papers are arranged in order of citation, with most cited at the top.
Research papers and scientific articles
Our reports - monitoring and policy
Below are monitoring and policy reports, arranged by topic. Freshwater Habitats Trust was formerly called Pond Action and Pond Conservation. Within each section, reports are arranged in chronological order, with most recent at the top.
Biodiversity monitoring reports
Important Areas for Ponds reports
The Important Areas for Ponds (IAP) concept was proposed and developed by Freshwater Habitats Trust to raise awareness of geographic regions that support ponds of national or international biodiversity importance. The project was successfully piloted in Wales (Nicolet et al. 2007) prior to ponds being added to the UK list of BAP Priority Habitats in 2007, and IAPs have now been completed for South-east England and Northern Ireland.
Conceptually, IAPs are similar to initiatives developed by other organisations:
- Birdlife International’s Important Bird Areas (IBAs).
- Plantlife International’s Important Plant Areas (IPAs) and Important Stonewort Areas (ISAs).
The aim of IAPs is to identify networks of the most important ponds and their biodiversity. These areas can then be used to help focus strategies for pond monitoring, protection and appropriate management and creation.
Some of our biodiversity monitoring reports (eg eDNA for Great Crested Newt) are listed separately below.
National Pond Survey reports
Below are reports produced for the National Pond Survey, which we launched in 1989, with support from WWF, when we were called Pond Conservation. Covering 200 ponds in semi-natural habitats, it was the first survey of its kind in the world.
These are reports produced for policymakers.
Some reports in other sections (eg Water Friendly Farming) are also related to policy.
PSYM method reports
These are reports from our work to develop the PSYM (Predictive SYstem for Multimetrics) method to provide a means of assessing the quality of waterbodies in England and Wales.
These reports relate to surveys focusing on individual species.
Our reports - projects
Below are reports, which are outputs of Freshwater Habitats Trust projects – past and present.
BFER LPS Citizen Science: Testing the Water 2020-present
Testing the Water is part of The Brecks’ Fen Edge & Rivers Landscape Partnership Scheme (BFER LPS), is a Landscape Heritage Scheme for the Norfolk and Suffolk Brecks. It builds on the legacy of the Breaking New Ground Landscape Partnership Scheme (2013-17) to continue to develop and refocus engagement, public awareness and positive action on the heritage of The Brecks’ fen edge, river and wetland landscapes in this unique part of East Anglia.
Clean Water for Wildlife
Clean Water for Wildlife was a Heritage Lottery funded citizen science survey that aimed to raise awareness of the true extent of nutrient pollution. It helped us identify clean water habitats in England and Wales, where wildlife can thrive and to reveal the extent of nutrient pollution impacting freshwater life today.
New Forest Catchment Partnership projects
As co-hosts of the New Forest Catchment Partnership, we run many different projects in the Forest.
Newt Conservation Partnership 2018-present
The Newt Conservation Partnership is a community benefit society formed through partnership between charities, Freshwater Habitats Trust and Amphibian and Reptile Conservation. Our sole purpose is to create and restore high quality habitat for Great Crested Newt. We are funded via the NatureSpace Partnership District Licensing Scheme.
Each year, we carry out monitoring reports on the ponds that have been created through the scheme.
Oxfordshire Fens Project and Saving Oxford's Wetland Wildlife
People Ponds and Water 2015-2018
The People, Ponds and Water project was a national partnership working with volunteers across England and Wales to monitor, manage and protect freshwater wildlife. It was funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund.
PondNet reports are included in this section.
PondNet eDNA surveys for Great Crested Newt 2015-present
Each year since 2015, we’ve used pioneering Environmental DNA (eDNA) techniques to monitor Great Crested Newts and other aquatic animals in key locations across England.
This is the first national Great Crested Newt eDNA monitoring scheme.
River Irfon catchment project
We have been working in the Irfon catchment since 2018, building on work that began in mid-Wales in the mid 2000s as part of the People, Ponds and Water project supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund. Through our Welsh Government funded Irfon Catchment Resilient Freshwater Habitats project, we worked with local landowners and communities to monitor water quality and carry out species monitoring.
River Ock catchment reports
Freshwater Habitats Trust hosts the River Ock Catchment Partnership. Here are reports relating to the catchment.
Saving Nidderdale's Priority Ponds 2021-2024
Saving Nidderdale’s Priority Ponds is a partnership project between Nidderdale AONB and Freshwater Habitats Trust. Phase one of the project was funded through Yorkshire Water’s Biodiversity Programme.
Thame River Catchment Partnership
The Thame Catchment Partnership is jointly hosted by the River Thame Conservation Trust and Freshwater Habitats Trust. Together, we’re working for a healthy river catchment, valued and enjoyed by local people.